Mental illness; Stress (psychology); Journalists; Jakarta
Karyawan redaksi merupakan aset utama bagi suatu perusahaan media cetak. Mereka bekerja dengan deadline yang sangat ketat, oleh karena itu mereka harus senantiasa sehat secara fisik, mental, dan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalens stres kerja dan hubungannya dengan kecenderungan gejala gangguan mental emosional (KGGME) menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan analisis perbandingan internal. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik sosiodemografi, stresor dan stres kerja (menggunakan kuesioner Survey Diagnostic Stress), dan kecenderungan gejala gangguan mental emosional (menggunakan Symptomp Check List 90, SCL-90). Dari 100 responden didapatkan prevalens KGGME sebesar 58% dengan proporsi terbanyak adalah psikotisme (36%), somatisasi dan paranoid (masing-masing 33%), serta obsesif-konpulsif (29%). Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara stres kerja dengan kecenderungan gejala gangguan mental emosional melalui stresor pengembangan karir (p<0,001; OR 13,8; CI 3,7-51,1). Jenis stresor kerja yang dominan terhadap stres kerja adalah beban kerja berlebih kuantitatif (83%). Stres kerja mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan kecenderungan gejala gangguan mental emosional melalui stresor pengembangan karir.
The journalists are valuable asset for a publishing company. They work with a very strict deadline, which requires a good state of physical, mental and social health. The aims of study were to obtain the prevalence of work-related stress and its relationship with the tendency of acquiring symptom of mental emotional disorder. A cross sectional study with internal comparison analysis was conducted. The data collected included sosciodemogrhapic characteristics, measurement stressor of work-related stress (measured by using Survey Diagnostic Stress questionnaire), data on the tendencies of acquiring symptom of mental emotional disorder (measured by using Symptom Check List 90, SCL-90). From 100 respondents, the prevalence of the tendency of acquiring symptoms of mental emotional disorder was 58%, with a tendency of psycotism (36%), somatisation and paranoid symptoms (33% each), and obsessive-conpulsive (29%) as the most frequent disorders. There was significant relationship between work-related stress and the tendency of acquiring symptoms of mental emotional disorder on stressor of career development (p<0.001; OR 13.8; CI 3.7-51.1). The dominant stressor was the overload quantitative role (83%). We concluded that work-related stress, especially stress on career development, has a significant relationship with the tendency of acquiring symptom of mental emotional disorder.
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